Loschmidt echo for local perturbations: non-monotonous cross-over from the Fermi-golden-rule to the escape-rate regime

Goussev, Arseni, Waltner, Daniel, Richter, Klaus and Jalabert, Rodolfo (2008) Loschmidt echo for local perturbations: non-monotonous cross-over from the Fermi-golden-rule to the escape-rate regime. New Journal of Physics, 10. 093010. ISSN 1367-2630

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1367-2630/10/9/093010

Abstract

We address the sensitivity of quantum mechanical time evolution by considering the time decay of the Loschmidt echo (LE) (or fidelity) for local perturbations of the Hamiltonian. Within a semiclassical approach we derive analytical expressions for the LE decay for chaotic systems for the whole range from weak to strong local perturbations and identify different decay regimes which complement those known for the case of global perturbations. For weak perturbations a Fermi-golden-rule (FGR) type behavior is recovered. For strong perturbations the escape-rate regime is reached, where the LE decays exponentially with a rate independent of the perturbation strength. The transition between the FGR regime and the escape-rate regime is non-monotonic, i.e. the rate of the exponential time-decay of the LE oscillates as a function of the perturbation strength. We further perform extensive quantum mechanical calculations of the LE based on numerical wave packet evolution which strongly support our semiclassical theory. Finally, we discuss in some detail possible experimental realizations for observing the predicted behavior of the LE.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: F300 Physics
G100 Mathematics
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Arseni Goussev
Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2012 11:57
Last Modified: 22 May 2017 22:39
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/10199

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