Model for MLL translocations in therapy-related leukemia involving topoisomerase II -mediated DNA strand breaks and gene proximity

Cowell, Ian, Sondka, Zbyslaw, Smith, Kayleigh, Lee, Ka Cheong, Manville, Catriona, Sidorczuk-Lesthuruge, Malgorzata, Rance, Holly Ashlene, Padget, Kay, Jackson, Graham, Adachi, Noritaka and Austin, Caroline (2012) Model for MLL translocations in therapy-related leukemia involving topoisomerase II -mediated DNA strand breaks and gene proximity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 109 (23). pp. 8989-8994. ISSN 0027-8424

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1204406109

Abstract

Topoisomerase poisons such as the epipodophyllotoxin etoposide are widely used effective cytotoxic anticancer agents. However, they are associated with the development of therapy-related acute myeloid leukemias (t-AMLs), which display characteristic balanced chromosome translocations, most often involving the mixed lineage leukemia (MLL) locus at 11q23. MLL translocation breakpoints in t-AMLs cluster in a DNase I hypersensitive region, which possesses cryptic promoter activity, implicating transcription as well as topoisomerase II activity in the translocation mechanism. We find that 2–3% of MLL alleles undergoing transcription do so in close proximity to one of its recurrent translocation partner genes, AF9 or AF4, consistent with their sharing transcription factories. We show that most etoposide-induced chromosome breaks in the MLL locus and the overall genotoxicity of etoposide are dependent on topoisomerase IIβ, but that topoisomerase IIα and -β occupancy and etoposide-induced DNA cleavage data suggest factors other than local topoisomerase II concentration determine specific clustering of MLL translocation breakpoints in t-AML. We propose a model where DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) introduced by topoisomerase IIβ into pairs of genes undergoing transcription within a common transcription factory become stabilized by antitopoisomerase II drugs such as etoposide, providing the opportunity for illegitimate end joining and translocation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: TOP2, acute leukemia, nuclear organization
Subjects: A100 Pre-clinical Medicine
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Applied Sciences
Depositing User: Ellen Cole
Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2012 15:22
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2017 11:25
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/10746

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