Influence of post-warm-up recovery time on swim performance in international swimmers

West, Dan, Dietzig, Bernie, Bracken, Richard, Cunningham, Dan, Crewther, Blair, Cook, Christian and Kilduff, Liam (2013) Influence of post-warm-up recovery time on swim performance in international swimmers. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 16 (2). pp. 172-176. ISSN 1440-2440

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2012.06.002

Abstract

Objectives
Swimmers must enter a marshalling call-room 20 min prior to racing, which results in some swimmers completing their warm-up 45 min pre-race. Since a recovery period longer than 15–20 min may prove problematic, this study examined 200 m freestyle performance after a 20 and 45 min post-warm-up recovery period.

Design
Eight international swimmers completed this randomised and counter-balanced study.

Methods
After a standardised warm-up, swimmers rested for either 20 (20 min) or 45 min (45 min) prior to completing a 200 m freestyle time-trial (TT). Core temperature (Tcore), blood lactate (BL), heart rate and rate of perceived exertion (RPE) were recorded at baseline, post-warm-up, pre-TT, immediately post-TT and at 3 min post-TT.

Results
Tcore was similar after the warm-up under both conditions, however, at pre-TT Tcore was greater under 20 min (mean ± SD; 20 min 37.8 ± 0.2 vs. 45 min 37.5 ± 0.2 °C; P = 0.002). BL was similar between conditions at all-time points before the TT (P > 0.05). Swimmers demonstrated a 1.5 ± 1.1% improvement in performance under 20 min (20 min 125.74 ± 3.64 vs. 45 min 127.60 ± 3.55 s; P = 0.01). Tcore was similar between conditions at immediately post-TT and 3 min post-TT (P > 0.05), however, BL was higher at these time points under 20 min (P < 0.05). Heart rate and RPE were similar between conditions at all-time points (P > 0.05).

Conclusions
200 m freestyle performance is faster 20 min post-warm-up when compared to 45 min probably due to better Tcore maintenance. This has implications for swim race preparation as warm-up procedures should be completed close to entering the pre-race call room, in order to maintain elevated core temperature.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Warm-up, swim performance, core temperature
Subjects: C600 Sports Science
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences > Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation
Depositing User: Ellen Cole
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2012 14:32
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2015 11:32
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/10773

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