Children and adults use gender-and age-stereotypes in ownership judgments

Malcolm, Sarah, Defeyter, Margaret Anne and Friedman, Ori (2014) Children and adults use gender-and age-stereotypes in ownership judgments. Journal of Cognition and Development, 15 (1). pp. 123-135. ISSN 1524-8372

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15248372.2012.728545

Abstract

In everyday life we are often faced with the problem of judging who owns an object. The current experiments show that children and adults base ownership judgments on group stereotypes, which relate kinds of people to kinds of objects. Moreover, the experiments show that reliance on stereotypes can override another means by which people make ownership judgments—inferring ownership from first possession. Experiment 1 replicates previous findings in showing that children and adults are strongly biased to assume that the first person to possess an object is its owner, while also demonstrating that the first possession bias shows specificity to ownership. Experiment 2 shows that preschoolers and adults used gender stereotypes to make ownership judgments, and do this even when stereotypes conflict with first possession. Experiment 3 reports similar findings but with age stereotypes. These findings reveal that stereotypes are a powerful means for making ownership judgments.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Published online before print.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Preschool-children, property-rights, infer ownership, 1st possession, preferences, knowledge, objects, toys, tegories, history
Subjects: C800 Psychology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: Ay Okpokam
Date Deposited: 05 Mar 2013 09:47
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2015 17:00
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/11329

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