Study of the Al-grading effect in the crystallisation of chalcopyrite Cu(In,Al)Se2 thin films selenised at different temperatures

Martin, Sofia, Zoppi, Guillaume, Aninat, Rémi, Forbes, Ian and Guillén, C. (2013) Study of the Al-grading effect in the crystallisation of chalcopyrite Cu(In,Al)Se2 thin films selenised at different temperatures. Materials Chemistry and Physics, 140 (1). pp. 236-242. ISSN 0254-0584

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.matchemphys.2013.03.02...

Abstract

Chalcopyrite CuIn1−xAlxSe2 (CIAS) thin films with an atomic ratio of Al/(In + Al) = 0.4 were grown by a two-stage process onto soda-lime glass substrates. The selenisation was carried out at different temperatures, ranging from 400 °C to 550 °C, for metallic precursors layers evaporated with two different sequences. The first sequence, C1, was evaporated with the Al as the last layer, while in the second one, C2, the In was the last evaporated element. The optical, structural and morphological characterisations led to the conclusion that the precursors sequence determines the crystallisation pathway, resulting in C1 the best option due to the homogeneity of the depth distribution of the elements. The influence of the selenisation temperature was also studied, finding 540 °C as the optimum one, since it allows to achieve the highest band gap value for the C1 sequence and for the given composition.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chalcogenides, thin films, crystal growth, evaporation
Subjects: F200 Materials Science
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Guillaume Zoppi
Date Deposited: 11 Apr 2013 11:58
Last Modified: 09 May 2017 04:56
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/12035

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