Memory processing and the glucose facilitation effect: The effects of stimulus difficulty and memory load

Meikle, Andrew, Riby, Leigh and Stollery, Brian (2005) Memory processing and the glucose facilitation effect: The effects of stimulus difficulty and memory load. Nutritional Neuroscience, 8 (4). pp. 227-232. ISSN 1028-415X

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10284150500193833

Abstract

Previous research has consistently found enhancement of memory after the ingestion of a glucose containing drink. The aims of the present study were to specify more precisely the nature of this facilitation by examining the cognitive demand hypothesis. This hypothesis predicts greater glucose induced facilitation on tasks that require significant mental effort. In two experiments, both employing an unrelated sample design, participants consumed either 25g of glucose or a control solution. In experiment 1, participants first studied low and high imagery word-pairs and memory was assessed 1-, 7- and 14-days later by cued recall. Overall, glucose enhanced both encoding and consolidation processes only for the more difficult low imagery pairs. In experiment 2, the degree of mental effort in a verbal memory task was manipulated in two ways: (1) by varying the phonological similarity of the words; and (2) by varying the length of word lists. Glucose was found to enhance memory only for longer word lists. These data are consistent with the idea that glucose is especially effective in demanding memory tasks, but place some limits on the forms of difficulty that are susceptible to enhancement.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B400 Nutrition
C800 Psychology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences > Psychology
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Ay Okpokam
Date Deposited: 18 Apr 2013 09:07
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2015 11:50
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/12304

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