When does anticipating group-based shame lead to lower ingroup favoritism? The role of status and status stability

Shepherd, Lee, Spears, Russell and Manstead, Antony (2013) When does anticipating group-based shame lead to lower ingroup favoritism? The role of status and status stability. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 49 (3). pp. 334-343. ISSN 0022-1031

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2012.10.012

Abstract

In two studies we examined whether and when anticipated group-based shame leads to less ingroup favoritism on the part of members of high-status groups in stable hierarchies. In Study 1 (n = 195) we measured anticipated group-based shame and found that it only negatively predicted ingroup favoritism in stable high-status groups. When anticipated group-based shame was low, members of such groups exhibited the highest levels of ingroup favoritism. However, these groups displayed the lowest levels of ingroup favoritism when shame was high. In Study 2 (n = 159) we manipulated anticipated group-based shame using a bogus-pipeline method. Members of stable high-status groups were less likely to discriminate against a low-status group in the high than in the low anticipated group-based shame condition. This may explain discrepancies in previous research regarding the amount of ingroup favoritism exhibited by (stable) high-status groups: Shame only leads to less discrimination when identity was secure.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Status, stability, group-based guilt, group-based shame, anticipated emotion
Subjects: C800 Psychology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: Lee Shepherd
Date Deposited: 12 Jun 2013 16:50
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2015 11:31
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/12874

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