Late Pliocene lakes and soils: a data-model comparison for the analysis of climate feedbacks in a warmer world

Pound, Matthew, Tindall, Julia, Pickering, Steven, Haywood, Alan, Dowsett, Harry and Salzmann, Ulrich (2013) Late Pliocene lakes and soils: a data-model comparison for the analysis of climate feedbacks in a warmer world. Climate of the Past Discussions, 9 (3). pp. 3175-3207. ISSN 1814-9359

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/cpd-9-3175-2013

Abstract

Based on a synthesis of geological data we have reconstructed the global distribution of Late Pliocene soils and lakes which are then used as boundary conditions in a series of model experiments using the Hadley Centre General Circulation Model (HadCM3) and the BIOME4 mechanistic vegetation model. By combining our novel soil and lake reconstructions with a fully coupled climate model we are able to explore the feedbacks of soils and lakes on the climate of the Late Pliocene. Our experiments reveal regionally confined changes of local climate and vegetation in response to the new boundary conditions. The addition of Late Pliocene soils has the largest influence on surface air temperatures, with notable increases in Australia, southern North Africa and Asia. The inclusion of Late Pliocene lakes generates a significant increase in precipitation in central Africa, as well as seasonal increases in the Northern Hemisphere. When combined, the feedbacks on climate from Late Pliocene lakes and soils improve the data to model fit in western North America and southern North Africa.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: F600 Geology
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Geography
Depositing User: Ulrich Salzmann
Date Deposited: 27 Jun 2013 12:44
Last Modified: 28 Jan 2016 18:14
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/13128

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