A randomized controlled trial of moderation-oriented cue exposure

Heather, Nick, Brodie, Jennifer, Wale, Simon, Wilkinson, Gerard, Luce, Anna, Webb, Elspeth and McCarthy, Steven (2000) A randomized controlled trial of moderation-oriented cue exposure. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 61 (4). pp. 561-570. ISSN 1937-1888

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Abstract

Objective: A randomized controlled trial was conducted to examine the effectiveness of Moderation-Oriented Cue Exposure (MOCE) in comparison to Behavioral Self-Control Training (BSCT). The main hypothesis was that MOCE would be more effective than BSCT among a sample of problem drinkers aiming at moderate drinking. A subsidiary hypothesis was that MOCE would be relatively more effective than BSCT among problem drinkers with higher levels of alcohol dependence. Method: Clients (N = 91; 75% men) were randomly allocated to either MOCE or BSCT. Treatment was delivered in weekly sessions by two trained therapists, in a nested design in which therapists switched to the alternative treatment modality approximately halfway through the trial. Follow-up was carried out 6 months following posttreatment assessment, with 85% successful contact. Results: There was no evidence for the general superiority of MOCE over BSCT. The subsidiary hypothesis was not confirmed. A subsample of clients (n = 14) showing levels of dependence at baseline above the commonly accepted cut-point for a moderation goal (Severity of Alcohol Dependence Questionnaire [SADQ] > 29) showed outcomes at least as favorable as those below the cut-point. The validity of self-reports of alcohol consumption and problems was supported by significant relationships with liver function tests (gamma-glutamyl tranferase and alanine transferase). Conclusions: These results provide no grounds for the replacement of BSCT by MOCE in routine, moderation-oriented treatment practice. Assuming they prefer it to abstinence and that it is not contra-indicated on other grounds, there seems no reason why clients showing a higher level of dependence (SADQ = 30-45) should not be offered a moderation goal. (J. Stud. Alcohol 61: 561-570, 2000)

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B200 Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmacy
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Deposited: 27 May 2009 14:19
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2015 11:52
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/1322

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