Breakfast consumption and exercise interact to affect cognitive performance and mood later in the day. A randomized controlled trial

Veasey, Rachel, Gonzalez, Javier, Kennedy, David, Haskell-Ramsay, Crystal and Stevenson, Emma (2013) Breakfast consumption and exercise interact to affect cognitive performance and mood later in the day. A randomized controlled trial. Appetite, 68. pp. 38-44. ISSN 0195-6663

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2013.04.011

Abstract

The current study assessed the interactive effect of breakfast and exercise on cognition and mood. Twelve active males completed four trials; no breakfast-rest, breakfast-rest, no breakfast-exercise or breakfast-exercise in a randomized, cross-over design. The trials consisted of; breakfast or fast, a 2 h rest, exercise (treadmill run) or equivalent rest, a chocolate milk drink, a 90 min rest and an ad libitum lunch. Cognitive performance and mood were recorded frequently throughout each trial. Data was analysed as pre-exercise/rest, during and immediately post exercise/rest and post-drink. No effects were found prior to consumption of the drink. Post-drink, fasting before exercise increased mental fatigue compared to consuming breakfast before exercise and fasting before rest. Tension increased when breakfast was consumed at rest and when exercise was undertaken fasted compared to omitting breakfast before rest. Breakfast before rest decreased rapid visual information processing task speed and impaired Stroop performance. Breakfast omission improved Four Choice Reaction Time performance. To conclude, breakfast before exercise appeared beneficial for post-exercise mood even when a post-exercise snack was consumed. Exercise reversed post-breakfast cognitive impairment in active males.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Crystal Haskell-Ramsay has also published using the name Crystal Haskell.
Uncontrolled Keywords: cognition, mood, active males
Subjects: B400 Nutrition
C600 Sports Science
C800 Psychology
Departments: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: Ay Okpokam
Date Deposited: 14 Oct 2013 17:26
Last Modified: 19 Aug 2014 10:56
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/13667

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