Detection and characterisation of zinc- and cadmium-binding proteins in Escherichia coli by gel electrophoresis and laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry

Binet, M. R. B., Ma, Renli, McLeod, Cameron and Poole, Robert (2003) Detection and characterisation of zinc- and cadmium-binding proteins in Escherichia coli by gel electrophoresis and laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. Analytical Biochemistry, 318 (1). pp. 30-38. ISSN 0003-2697

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0003-2697(03)00190-8

Abstract

Metals bound to proteins play key roles in structure stabilization, catalysis, and metal transport in cells, but metals may also be toxic. As a consequence, cells have developed mechanisms to control metal concentrations through binding to proteins. We have used a hyphenated strategy linking gel electrophoresis with laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry in order to detect, map, and quantify metal-binding proteins synthesized in Escherichia coli under zinc- and cadmium-stress conditions. We report the development of a powerful analytical method suitable for detection and characterization of metalloproteins in complex, unfractionated bacterial cell extracts. The approach was validated by using an E. coli strain overexpressing the cyanobacterial metallothionein protein SmtA. We observed induction of SmtA synthesis by zinc and binding of both zinc and cadmium cations by this protein. A profile of zinc- and cadmium-binding proteins was obtained from E. coli cytoplasmic fractions. Analysis of induction patterns and metal contents demonstrated the presence of proteins with high metal content which, on further study, should lead to the identification of novel metal-binding proteins.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Carried out the analytical work (setting up instrument and running some samples), wrote the analytical section and was involved in study planning, discussion and revision. The work funded by BBSRC was investigating protein-bound metals (both essential and toxic)in E.Coli under metal stress.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Gel electrophoresis, Escherichia coli, Laser ablation
Subjects: C900 Others in Biological Sciences
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences > Applied Sciences
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Deposited: 23 Dec 2008 11:53
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2015 11:50
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/1385

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