Are language production problems apparent in adults who no longer meet diagnostic criteria for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder?

Engelhardt, Paul, Veld, Sean, Nigg, Joel T. and Ferreira, Fernanda (2012) Are language production problems apparent in adults who no longer meet diagnostic criteria for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder? Cognitive Neuropsychology, 29 (3). pp. 275-299. ISSN 0264-3294

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02643294.2012.712957

Abstract

In this study, we examined sentence production in a sample of adults (N = 21) who had had attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as children, but as adults no longer met DSM-IV diagnostic criteria (APA, 2000). This “remitted” group was assessed on a sentence production task. On each trial, participants saw two objects and a verb. Their task was to construct a sentence using the objects as arguments of the verb. Results showed more ungrammatical and disfluent utterances with one particular type of verb (i.e., participle). In a second set of analyses, we compared the remitted group to both control participants and a “persistent” group, who had ADHD as children and as adults. Results showed that remitters were more likely to produce ungrammatical utterances and to make repair disfluencies compared to controls, and they patterned more similarly to ADHD participants. Conclusions focus on language output in remitted ADHD, and the role of executive functions in language production.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ADHD, language production, conceptual accessibility, grammatical encoding, partial remission, response inhibition
Subjects: C800 Psychology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 15 Oct 2013 09:01
Last Modified: 11 May 2017 19:49
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/13954

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