Comparison of structural health assessment capabilities in epoxy – carbon black and epoxy – carbon nanotube nanocomposites

Inam, Fawad, Bhat, Badekai Ramachandra, Luhyna, Nataliia and Vo, Thuc (2014) Comparison of structural health assessment capabilities in epoxy – carbon black and epoxy – carbon nanotube nanocomposites. Express Polymers Letters, 8 (1). pp. 55-61. ISSN 1788-618X

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3144/expresspolymlett.2014.7

Abstract

A novel method for comparing structural health of different types of brittle epoxy nanocomposites filled with carbon nanostructured fillers is presented. Epoxy – 0.2 vol% carbon black (CB) and epoxy – 0.2 vol% carbon nanotube (CNT) nanocomposite bars were prepared by calendering and thermal curing. Nanocomposite bars were subjected to Vickers diamond indentation to produce sub-surface damage. Electrical conductivities were analysed by 4-point method to estimate the structural damage caused by indentation. For comprehensive comparison, fracture toughness and percolation threshold were analysed as well. Because of the systematically induced indentation damage, a sharp decrease of 89% was observed in the electrical conductivity of epoxy – CNT nanocomposite as compared to 25% in the electrical conductivity of epoxy – CB nanocomposite. CNTs impart superior damage sensing capability in brittle nanocomposite structures, in comparison to CB, due to their high aspect ratio (fibrous nature) and high electrical conductivity.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: F200 Materials Science
H300 Mechanical Engineering
H400 Aerospace Engineering
J400 Polymers and Textiles
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mechanical and Construction Engineering
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Fawad Inam
Date Deposited: 01 Nov 2013 12:38
Last Modified: 24 May 2017 13:07
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/14451

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