Motor resonance as a function of narrative time: Further tests of the linguistic focus hypothesis

Zwaan, Rolf, Taylor, Lawrence and de Boer, Mirte (2010) Motor resonance as a function of narrative time: Further tests of the linguistic focus hypothesis. Brain and Language, 112 (3). pp. 143-149. ISSN 0093-934X

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2008.11.004

Abstract

Neuroimaging and behavioral studies have revealed involvement of the brain’s motor system in language comprehension. The Linguistic-Focus Hypothesis [Taylor, L. J., & Zwaan, R. A. (2008). Motor resonance and linguistic focus. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 61, 869–904.] postulates that engagement of the motor system during language comprehension is controlled by the focus of the linguistic message. Two experiments were conducted to further test this hypothesis. They examined whether motor resonance, which has previously been found to occur on descriptions of actions occurring in the present, extends to descriptions of (1) actions potentially occurring in the future (action intentions) and (2) actions having occurred in the past. An additional goal was to examine if motor resonance occurs in a narrative context. Using the reading-by-rotation paradigm [Zwaan, R. A., & Taylor, L. J. (2006). Seeing, acting, understanding: Motor resonance in language comprehension. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 135, 1–11.], Experiment 1 found evidence for motor resonance occurring on current action descriptions embedded in a narrative, but not action intentions. Experiment 2 found evidence for motor resonance on both current and past actions. These results partly support the Linguistic-Focus Hypothesis and lead to further hypotheses about the modulation of motor activation during language comprehension.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Language comprehension, motor system, motor resonance, embodied cognition, mental simulation, discourse comprehension, linguistic focus
Subjects: C800 Psychology
Q100 Linguistics
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2011 16:01
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2015 11:43
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/1476

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