Evaluation of a Chromogenic Culture Medium for Isolation of Clostridium difficile within 24 Hours

Perry, John, Asir, Kerry, Halimi, Diane, Orenga, Sylvain, Dale, Joanne, Payne, Michelle, Carlton, Ruth, Evans, Jim and Gould, Kate (2010) Evaluation of a Chromogenic Culture Medium for Isolation of Clostridium difficile within 24 Hours. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 48 (11). pp. 3852-3858. ISSN 0095-1137

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JCM.01288-10

Abstract

Rapid and effective methods for the isolation of Clostridium difficile from stool samples are desirable to obtain isolates for typing or to facilitate accurate diagnosis of C. difficile-associated diarrhea. We report on the evaluation of a prototype chromogenic medium (ID C. difficile prototype [IDCd]) for isolation of C. difficile. The chromogenic medium was compared using (i) 368 untreated stool samples that were also inoculated onto CLO medium, (ii) 339 stool samples that were subjected to alcohol shock and also inoculated onto five distinct selective agars, and (iii) standardized suspensions of 10 C. difficile ribotypes (untreated and alcohol treated) that were also inoculated onto five distinct selective agars. Two hundred thirty-six isolates of C. difficile were recovered from 368 untreated stool samples, and all but 1 of these strains (99.6%) were recovered on IDCd within 24 h, whereas 74.6% of isolates were recovered on CLO medium after 48 h. Of 339 alcohol-treated stool samples cultured onto IDCd and five other selective agars, C. difficile was recovered from 218 samples using a combination of all media. The use of IDCd allowed recovery of 96.3% of isolates within 24 h, whereas 51 to 83% of isolates were recovered within 24 h using the five other media. Finally, when they were challenged with pure cultures, all 10 ribotypes of C. difficile generated higher colony counts on IDCd irrespective of alcohol pretreatment or duration of incubation. We conclude that IDCd is an effective medium for isolation of C. difficile from stool samples within 24 h.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: C500 Microbiology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Applied Sciences
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 13 Dec 2013 13:14
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2017 11:26
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/14795

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