Origin of the exponential decay of the Loschmidt echo in integrable systems

Dubertrand, Remy and Goussev, Arseni (2014) Origin of the exponential decay of the Loschmidt echo in integrable systems. Physical Review E, 89. 022915. ISSN 1539-3755

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.89.022915

Abstract

We address the time decay of the Loschmidt echo, measuring the sensitivity of quantum dynamics to small Hamiltonian perturbations, in one-dimensional integrable systems. Using a semiclassical analysis, we show that the Loschmidt echo may exhibit a well-pronounced regime of exponential decay, similar to the one typically observed in quantum systems whose dynamics is chaotic in the classical limit. We derive an explicit formula for the exponential decay rate in terms of the spectral properties of the unperturbed and perturbed Hamilton operators and the initial state. In particular, we show that the decay rate, unlike in the case of the chaotic dynamics, is directly proportional to the strength of the Hamiltonian perturbation. Finally, we compare our analytical predictions against the results of a numerical computation of the Loschmidt echo for a quantum particle moving inside a one-dimensional box with Dirichlet-Robin boundary conditions, and find the two in good agreement.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: F300 Physics
G100 Mathematics
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics and Information Sciences
Depositing User: Arseni Goussev
Date Deposited: 19 Feb 2014 13:50
Last Modified: 17 May 2017 06:43
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/15553

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