Patterns of Thought in 16th Century Public Education

Goeing, Anja-Silvia (2008) Patterns of Thought in 16th Century Public Education. Critique and Humanism Journal, 26. pp. 141-158. ISSN 0861-1718

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Abstract

Within the context of the increasing interest in sensory perception during the period from 1450 to 1650, we fi nd an unexpected phenomenon: an astonishing tendency to render dependent on linguistic usage the common understanding of things, beings, and facts of nature or the environment.1 Evidence of this can be found in a wide variety of reference works relating either to dialectics or to the methodology of learning, the ratio studiorum,2 or again in conceptually structured encyclopaedias of universal knowledge.3 Through an analysis of Aristotelian texts used in schools, the present study provides evidence of the reciprocal relationship between the dynamic, highly individual process of ‘learning through experience’4 and the constraints of the existing terminology.

By concentrating specifi cally on the learning process, it becomes possible to recognise the normative or quasi-normative principles on which teaching methods were based. The precise manner in which these affected perception comes to light, refl exively as it were, through an examination of the measures that were employed for training the senses. By this means, it will be possible to describe more clearly the contribution of the senses to the learning process that was formulated conceptually and employed in the teaching of philosophy in the 16th century universities and academies with the express goal of understanding the universe.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: V100 History by period
V300 History by topic
Department: Faculties > Arts, Design and Social Sciences > School of Arts and Social Sciences > Humanities
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Anja-Silvia Goeing
Date Deposited: 17 Mar 2014 16:36
Last Modified: 14 May 2017 16:34
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/15835

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