Is tibial tuberosity-trochlear groove distance an appropriate measure for the identification of knees with patellar instability?

Caplan, Nick, Lees, D., Newby, Mike, Ewen, Alistair, Jackson, R., St Clair Gibson, Alan and Kader, Deiary (2014) Is tibial tuberosity-trochlear groove distance an appropriate measure for the identification of knees with patellar instability? Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, 22 (10). pp. 2377-2381. ISSN 1433-7347

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Is TT-TG an appropriate measure FINAL ACCEPTED VERSION FOR NRL.pdf - Accepted Version

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00167-014-2954-0

Abstract

PURPOSE - Tibial tuberosity-trochlear groove distance (TT-TG) has been regarded as a useful tool for establishing therapeutic choices for patellar instability. Recently, it has been shown that TT-TG negatively correlated with the quadriceps angle, suggesting that if used individually, neither provide a valid measure of instability. This study aimed to compare TT-TG distance between both knees in patients with unilateral instability to assess whether this measurement is a decisive element in the management decisions for patellar instability.

METHODS - Sixty-two patients (18 male and 44 female), reporting to a specialist patella clinic for recurrent unilateral patellar instability, were included in the study. Patients underwent bilateral long leg computed tomography scan to determine TT-TG distance in both knees. Tibial TT-TG in symptomatic and asymptomatic knees in the same individual was compared statistically.

RESULTS - Mean TT-TG distance in the symptomatic knee was 16.9 (±4.9) mm, compared to 15.6 (±5.6) mm in the asymptomatic knee. Tibial TT-TG was not significantly different between stable and unstable knees (n.s.).

CONCLUSIONS - The lack of difference in TT-TG distance between stable and unstable knees suggests that TT-TG distance alone may not be a decisive element in establishing therapeutic choices for patellar instability. It should, therefore, be interpreted with caution during clinical evaluations. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: II.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Tibial tuberosity, trochlear groove, instability, knee, patella, dislocation
Subjects: C600 Sports Science
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation
Depositing User: Nicola King
Date Deposited: 24 Mar 2014 14:20
Last Modified: 28 Oct 2017 07:01
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/15928

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