Differences in prefrontal blood oxygenation during an acute multitasking stressor in ecstasy polydrug users

Roberts, C. A., Wetherell, Mark, Fisk, John and Montgomery, Catherine (2015) Differences in prefrontal blood oxygenation during an acute multitasking stressor in ecstasy polydrug users. Psychological Medicine, 45 (2). pp. 395-406. ISSN 0033-2917

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0033291714001500

Abstract

Background - Cognitive deficits are well documented in ecstasy (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine; MDMA) users, with such deficits being taken as evidence of dysregulation of the serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) system. More recently neuroimaging has been used to corroborate these deficits. The present study aimed to assess multitasking performance in ecstasy polydrug users, polydrug users and drug-naive individuals. It was predicted that ecstasy polydrug users would perform worse than non-users on the behavioural measure and this would be supported by differences in cortical blood oxygenation.

Method - In the study, 20 ecstasy-polydrug users, 17 polydrug users and 19 drug-naive individuals took part. On day 1, drug use history was taken and questionnaire measures were completed. On day 2, participants completed a 20-min multitasking stressor while brain blood oxygenation was measured using functional near infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS).

Results - There were no significant differences between the three groups on the subscales of the multitasking stressor. In addition, there were no significant differences on self-report measures of perceived workload (NASA Task Load Index). In terms of mood, ecstasy users were significantly less calm and less relaxed compared with drug-naive controls. There were also significant differences at three voxels on the fNIRS, indicating decreased blood oxygenation in ecstasy users compared with drug-naive controls at voxel 2 (left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex), voxel 14 and voxel 16 (right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex), and compared with polydrug controls at V14.

Conclusions - The results of the present study provide support for changes in brain activation during performance of demanding tasks in ecstasy polydrug users, which could be related to cerebral vasoconstriction.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cognition, Ecstasy, fNIRS, MDMA
Subjects: B200 Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmacy
C800 Psychology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: Ay Okpokam
Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2014 14:57
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2017 11:32
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/16616

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