Suspects, victims and others: producing and sharing forensic genetic knowledge

Williams, Robin and Wienroth, Matthias (2014) Suspects, victims and others: producing and sharing forensic genetic knowledge. In: The Right to Know and the Right not to Know: Genetic Privacy and Responsibility. Cambridge Bioethics and Law . Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 70-84. ISBN 978-1107429796

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Abstract

This chapter examines several related non-medical contexts in which genotyping is carried out and where questions arise over who has the right to commission, deploy and share with whom the results of that genotyping. There are three such contexts on which we focus attention. The first – and dominant one – is the application of genetic technologies to biological material recovered from crime scenes, from the victims of crime, from criminal suspects and from others for ‘elimination purposes’ in the course of criminal inquiries. The second is when genetic analysis is carried out on bodies recovered at ‘mass disasters’ in an effort to identify the dead. The third is the sampling and profiling of individuals involved in paternity and maternity disputes, or in other circumstance where it is deemed necessary to prove close genetic affiliation. We refer to all three of them as ‘forensic’ on the grounds that the primary purpose of each is to support legal process of various kinds, including the deliberations of civil, coronial, local, national and international criminal courts. Each genotyping knowledge context raises slightly different issues because of variations in the identities of the persons from whom samples are taken, the nature of the genetic information produced by preferred technologies, the primary purposes which its production serves and varying expectations of how much of this information should be shared with whom and under what circumstances.

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: identity, forensic knowledge, forensic genetics, mass disaster, DVI, DNA database
Subjects: B900 Others in Subjects allied to Medicine
F400 Forensic and Archaeological Science
L300 Sociology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences > Applied Sciences
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Matthias Wienroth
Date Deposited: 02 Jul 2014 08:44
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2017 09:30
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/16767

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