Performance of emergency underwater breathing systems in cool (25°C) and cold (12°C) water

Barwood, Martin, Corbett, Jo, Coleshaw, Susan, Long, Geoffrey and Tipton, Michael (2010) Performance of emergency underwater breathing systems in cool (25°C) and cold (12°C) water. Aviation, Space and Environmental Medicine, 81 (11). pp. 1002-1007. ISSN 0095-6562

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)
Official URL:


Introduction: The shortfall between breath-hold time on cold-water immersion and the time required to make an underwater escape from a helicopter provides the rationale for emergency underwater breathing systems (EUBS) for passengers flying over cold water. This study compared three types of EUBS: a compressed gas system (CG); a rebreather system (RB); and a hybrid system (H). Methods: Each EUBS was examined during water deployment (Wdep) and over 90 s in cool (25°C) and cold water (12°C) immersion to the neck (Imm) and submersion (Subm). Subjects wore standardized clothing, including dry suit. Measures included: Wdep time, stay time (Imm and Subm), dyspnea rating, O2 and CO2 remaining in rebreather bags [H and RB (partial pressure mmHg)], and gas volume used (CG). Results: Mean data show Wdep was slowest in the H (17.7 s) compared to the RB (10.0 s) and CG (8.1 s). Stay time was greatest in the H (90.0 s) compared to the RB (68.3 s) and CG (87.0 s); stay time in CG was also greater than RB. Dyspnea ratings were greater in RB trials (6.5 cm) compared to the CG (2.4 cm) and H (1.9 cm). Across devices, stay time in cold water was shorter during submersion than immersion (85.9 s vs. 70.1 s). During submersion stay time was shorter in cold compared to cool water (12°C: 62.8 s; 25°C: 77.5 s). Discussion: The data suggest that the CG and H devices outperformed the RB device, but the H device required longer to deploy.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: breath-hold time, cold shock, helicopter underwater escape
Subjects: C600 Sports Science
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation
Depositing User: Ay Okpokam
Date Deposited: 15 Jul 2014 11:20
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2017 11:42

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics

Policies: NRL Policies | NRL University Deposit Policy | NRL Deposit Licence