Visuo-Spatial Performance in Autism: A Meta-analysis

Muth, Anne, Honekopp, Johannes and Falter, Christine (2014) Visuo-Spatial Performance in Autism: A Meta-analysis. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 44 (12). pp. 3245-3263. ISSN 1573-3432

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10803-014-2188-5

Abstract

Visuo-spatial skills are believed to be enhanced in autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). This meta-analysis tests the current state of evidence for Figure Disembedding, Block Design, Mental Rotation and Navon tasks in ASD and neurotypicals. Block Design (d = 0.32) and Figure Disembedding (d = 0.26) showed superior performance for ASD with large heterogeneity that is unaccounted for. No clear differences were found for Mental Rotation. ASD samples showed a stronger local processing preference for Navon tasks (d = 0.35); less clear evidence for performance differences of a similar magnitude emerged. We discuss the meta-analysis results together with other findings relating to visuo-spatial processing and three cognitive theories of ASD: Weak Central Coherence, Enhanced Perceptual Functioning and Extreme Male Brain theory.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Online publication first
Uncontrolled Keywords: Autism; Visuo-spatial; Figure Disembedding; Mental Rotation; Block Design; Navon Figures
Subjects: C800 Psychology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: Paul Burns
Date Deposited: 23 Jul 2014 15:14
Last Modified: 08 May 2017 10:37
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/17272

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