Central and Peripheral Fatigue in Male Cyclists after 4-, 20-, and 40-km Time Trials.

Thomas, Kevin, Goodall, Stuart, Stone, Mark, Howatson, Glyn, St Clair Gibson, Alan and Ansley, Les (2015) Central and Peripheral Fatigue in Male Cyclists after 4-, 20-, and 40-km Time Trials. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 47 (3). pp. 537-546. ISSN 1530-0315

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000000448

Abstract

PURPOSE
Few studies have assessed neuromuscular fatigue after self-paced locomotor exercise; moreover, none have assessed the degree of supraspinal fatigue. This study assessed central and peripheral fatigue after self-paced exercise of different durations.

METHODS
Thirteen well-trained male cyclists completed 4 km, 20 km and 40 km simulated time-trials (TTs). Pre- and immediately post-TT (<2.5 min), twitch responses from the knee-extensors to electrical stimulation of the femoral nerve and transcranial magnetic stimulation of the motor cortex were recorded to assess neuromuscular and corticospinal function.

RESULTS
Time to complete 4 km, 20 km and 40 km was 6.0±0.2 min, 31.8±1.0 min and 65.8±2.2 min, at average exercise intensities of 96%, 92% and 87% of VO2max, respectively. Exercise resulted in significant reductions in maximum voluntary contraction, with no difference between TTs (-18%, -15% and -16% for 4, 20 and 40 km respectively). Greater peripheral fatigue was evident after the 4 km (40% reduction in potentiated twitch) compared to the 20 km (31%) and 40 km TTs (29%). In contrast, longer TTs were characterized by more central fatigue, with greater reductions in voluntary activation measured by motor nerve (-11% and -10% for 20 km and 40 km vs. -7% for 4 km) and cortical (-12% and -10% for 20 km and 40 km vs. -6% for 4 km) stimulation.

CONCLUSIONS
These data demonstrate fatigue after self-paced exercise is task-dependent, with a greater degree of peripheral fatigue after shorter, higher intensity (∼6 min) TTs and more central fatigue after longer, lower intensity TTs (>30 min).

Item Type: Article
Subjects: C600 Sports Science
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences > Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation
Depositing User: Paul Burns
Date Deposited: 29 Jul 2014 12:30
Last Modified: 21 Jul 2016 08:30
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/17285

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