Approaches to assess the oral bioaccessibility of persistent organic pollutants: A critical review

Dean, John and Ma, Renli (2007) Approaches to assess the oral bioaccessibility of persistent organic pollutants: A critical review. Chemosphere, 68 (8). pp. 1399-1407. ISSN 0045 6535

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2007.03.05...

Abstract

Oral bioaccessibility, also known as in vitro gastrointestinal extraction or the physiologically based extraction test (PBET), is an important tool when assessing the risk to humans from persistent organic pollutants (POPs) (and metals). The approach seeks to mimic the processes of human food digestion and thereby assess the bioavailability of POPs (and metals) from materials consumed either accidentally or intentionally in the diet. In vitro conditions are created to simulate various actions in the stomach and intestines (although some methods also include the mouth compartment). This paper reviews the current status of oral bioaccessibility with respect to the release of POPs from soil and related samples of environmental importance. Particular emphasis is placed on the parameters that influence gastrointestinal extraction including gastric and intestinal pH, enzymes, bile salts, food constituents and residence time. In addition, important developments in the use of in vitro gastrointestinal extraction are highlighted. These developments include the use of epithelial Caco-2 cells to mimic the intestinal cell lining, the potential for biotransformation of POPs into estrogenic metabolites as a result of colon microbiota, and the use of in vivo studies to validate existing approaches.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bioaccessibility, in vitro gastrointestinal extraction, physiologically based extraction test, persistent organic pollutants, soils
Subjects: C900 Others in Biological Sciences
F100 Chemistry
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Applied Sciences
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 12 Aug 2014 14:58
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2017 11:27
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/17391

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