Novel chromogenic aminopeptidase substrates for the detection and identification of clinically important microorganisms

Cellier, Marie, James, Arthur, Orenga, Sylvain, Perry, John, Rasul, Ari, Robinson, Shaun and Stanforth, Stephen (2014) Novel chromogenic aminopeptidase substrates for the detection and identification of clinically important microorganisms. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry, 22. pp. 5249-5269. ISSN 0968-0896

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmc.2014.08.004

Abstract

A series of amino acid derivatives 8-10, 42 and 43 have been prepared as chromogenic enzyme substrates in order to detect aminopeptidase activity in clinically important Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria. Enzymatic hydrolysis liberates the amino acid moiety and either a 4-aminophenol or a 4-dialkylaminoaniline derivative which undergoes oxidative coupling with 1-naphthol or a substituted 1-naphthol giving an indophenol dye. Substrates and 1-naphthols were incorporated into an agar-based culture medium and this allowed growth of intensely coloured bacterial colonies based on hydrolysis by specific enzymes. Red/pink coloured colonies were produced by the substrates 8-10 and blue coloured colonies were formed by the substrates 42 and 43. The L-alanyl aminopeptidase substrates 8 targeted L-alanyl aminopeptidase activity and gave coloured colonies with a range of Gram-negative bacteria. Substrates 9 targeted β-alanyl aminopeptidase activity and generated coloured colonies with selected Gram-negative species including Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Three substrates for L-pyroglutamyl acid aminopeptidase (10a, 10c and 43) were hydrolysed by enterococci and Streptococcus pyogenes to generate coloured colonies. Two yeasts were also included in the study, but they did not produce coloured colonies with any of the substrates examined.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Published online first 12 August 2014. Dedicated to the memory of Arthur L. James; 1936–2014.
Uncontrolled Keywords: aminopeptidase, bacteria detection, chromogenic substrates
Subjects: C700 Molecular Biology, Biophysics and Biochemistry
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Applied Sciences
Depositing User: Ay Okpokam
Date Deposited: 15 Aug 2014 12:27
Last Modified: 13 Dec 2017 20:29
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/17469

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