Adaptive training leads to sustained enhancement of poor working memory in children

Holmes, Joni, Gathercole, Susan and Dunning, Darren (2009) Adaptive training leads to sustained enhancement of poor working memory in children. Developmental Science, 12 (4). F9-F15. ISSN 1363-755X

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-7687.2009.00848.x

Abstract

Working memory plays a crucial role in supporting learning, with poor progress in reading and mathematics characterizing children with low memory skills. This study investigated whether these problems can be overcome by a training program designed to boost working memory. Children with low working memory skills were assessed on measures of working memory, IQ and academic attainment before and after training on either adaptive or non-adaptive versions of the program. Adaptive training that taxed working memory to its limits was associated with substantial and sustained gains in working memory, with age-appropriate levels achieved by the majority of children. Mathematical ability also improved significantly 6 months following adaptive training. These findings indicate that common impairments in working memory and associated learning difficulties may be overcome with this behavioral treatment.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: C800 Psychology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Deposited: 19 Mar 2010 11:53
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2015 11:43
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/1807

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