Confirmatory factor analysis of the Adult Asperger Assessment: The association of symptom domains within a clinical population

Kuenssberg, Renate and McKenzie, Karen (2011) Confirmatory factor analysis of the Adult Asperger Assessment: The association of symptom domains within a clinical population. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 32 (6). pp. 2321-2329. ISSN 0891 4222

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2011.07.034

Abstract

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a behaviourally defined disorder characterised by impairments in three domains of social interaction, communication, and repetitive, stereotyped behaviours and activities. Proposed changes to diagnostic criteria suggest that the diagnostic triad may no longer fit as the best way to conceptualise ASD, and that social and communication impairments should be considered as a single domain. The aim of this study was to examine the structure of symptom domains within the Adult Asperger Assessment (AAA; Baron-Cohen, Wheelwright, Robinson, & Woodbury-Smith, 2005), a diagnostic tool for high functioning adults. As theoretical models already exist, confirmatory factor analysis was used to examine data from a clinical population of adults (n = 153) diagnosed with Asperger Syndrome (AS) and High Functioning Autism (HFA). Confirmatory factor analysis was used to fit different models based on the structure proposed by the authors of the AAA, the traditional triad and the newly proposed diagnostic dyad. Analysis suggested that none of the tested models were a good fit on the AAA dataset. However, it did highlight very high correlations between social and communication factors (r > 0.9) within unmodified models. The results of the analysis provide tentative support for the move towards considering ASD as a dyad of 'social-communication' impairments and repetitive/restricted interests behaviours and activities, rather than the traditional triad.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Autism, Asperger's Syndrome, pervasive developmental disorder, structure, confirmatory factor analysis
Subjects: C800 Psychology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: Karen Mckenzie
Date Deposited: 13 Nov 2014 08:46
Last Modified: 09 Dec 2017 14:41
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/18084

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