A prospective study of the relationship between adverse life events and trauma in adults with mild to moderate intellectual disabilities

Wigham, Sarah, Taylor, John and Hatton, Chris (2014) A prospective study of the relationship between adverse life events and trauma in adults with mild to moderate intellectual disabilities. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 58 (12). pp. 1131-1140. ISSN 0964-2633

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jir.12107

Abstract

Background
Research has demonstrated a relationship between the experience of life events and psychopathology in people with intellectual disabilities (ID), however few studies have established causal links and to date no prospective studies have utilised a measure of trauma that has been developed specifically for this population group.

Method
This 6-month prospective study examined longitudinal relationships between adverse life events and trauma in 99 adults with mild to moderate ID.

Results
Life events during the previous 6 months were significantly predictive of levels of trauma as measured by the self-report Lancaster and Northgate trauma scales (LANTS), and the informant LANTS behavioural changes, frequency and severity sub-scales. This prospective causal relationship was demonstrated while controlling for any prior life events or pre-existing trauma, though the relationship was not moderated by social support.

Conclusions
Evidence of a causal relationship between adverse life events and trauma symptoms is important for treatment planning and funding allocation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: adverse life events; intellectual disabilities; social support; trauma
Subjects: C800 Psychology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: Paul Burns
Date Deposited: 04 Dec 2014 10:00
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2017 11:32
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/18374

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