Thermal degradation of polyurethane-backed poly(vinyl chloride) studied by Raman microline focus spectrometry

Bowden, M., Bradley, J., Dix, Leslie, Gardiner, D., Dixon, N. and Gerrard, D. (1994) Thermal degradation of polyurethane-backed poly(vinyl chloride) studied by Raman microline focus spectrometry. Polymer, 35 (8). pp. 1654-1657. ISSN 0032 3861

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0032-3861(94)90838-9

Abstract

Raman microline focus spectrometry has been utilized to record spatially resolved and spatially averaged Raman spectra from degraded poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) sheet. Characteristics of simultaneous thermal and chemical degradation occurring in commercial polyurethane (PU)-foam-backed PVC sheet have been inferred from the observed Raman data. From a comparison of the data recorded across a section of the sheet, the presence of PU foam is shown to increase the degradation rate of PVC. In addition, higher concentrations, higher rates of formation and longer conjugation lengths of those polyenes formed during degradation are found at the PVC/PU contact interface. This is attributed to the extra chemical degradation occurring at the PVC/PU interface due to catalysis of dehydrochlorination by amine residues in the PU.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: degradation, microline focus spectrometry, poly(vinyl chloride)
Subjects: F100 Chemistry
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences > Applied Sciences
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2015 10:40
Last Modified: 25 Feb 2016 16:21
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/18632

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