Positive modulation of mood and cognitive performance following administration of acute doses of Salvia lavandulaefolia essential oil to healthy young volunteers

Tildesley, Nicola, Kennedy, David, Perry, Elaine, Ballard, Clive, Wesnes, Keith and Scholey, Andrew (2005) Positive modulation of mood and cognitive performance following administration of acute doses of Salvia lavandulaefolia essential oil to healthy young volunteers. Physiology & Behavior, 83 (5). pp. 699-709. ISSN 0031-9384

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physbeh.2004.09.010

Abstract

Members of the Sage family, such as Salvia officinalis and Salvia lavandulaefolia, have a long history of use as memory-enhancing agents coupled with cholinergic properties that may potentially be relevant to the amelioration of the cognitive deficits associated with Alzheimer's disease. The current study utilised a placebo-controlled, double-blind, balanced, crossover design in order to comprehensively assess any mood and cognition modulation by S. lavandulaefolia. Twenty-four participants received single doses of placebo, 25 μl and 50 μl of a standardised essential oil of S. lavandulaefolia in an order dictated by a Latin square. Doses were separated by a 7-day washout period. Cognitive performance was assessed prior to the day's treatment and at 1, 2.5, 4 and 6 h thereafter using the Cognitive Drug Research (CDR) computerised test battery. Subjective mood ratings were measured using Bond-Lader visual analogue scales. The primary outcome measures were scores on the five cognitive factors that can be derived by factor analysis of the task outcomes from the CDR battery. The results showed that administration of S. lavandulaefolia resulted in a consistent improvement for both the 25- and 50-μl dose on the 'Speed of Memory' factor. There was also an improvement on the 'Secondary Memory' factor for the 25-μl dose. Mood was consistently enhanced, with increases in self-rated 'alertness', 'calmness' and 'contentedness' following the 50-μl dose and elevated 'calmness' following 25 μl. These results represent further evidence that Salvia is capable of acute modulation of mood and cognition in healthy young adults. The data also suggest that previous reports of memory enhancement by Salvia may be due to more efficient retrieval of target material.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Attention; Cognition; Cognitive enhancement; Memory; Mood; Sage; Salvia
Subjects: B400 Nutrition
C800 Psychology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 04 Feb 2015 10:41
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2015 11:49
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/19653

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