Sex differences in object location memory: Some further methodological considerations

Gallagher, Peter, Neave, Nick, Hamilton, Colin and Gray, John (2006) Sex differences in object location memory: Some further methodological considerations. Learning and Individual Differences, 16 (4). pp. 277-290. ISSN 1041 6080

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2006.12.007

Abstract

Previously it has been reported that female performance on the recall of objects and their locations in a spatial array is superior to that of males. This may reflect underlying information-processing biases whereby males organize information in a self-referential manner while females adopt a more comprehensive approach. The known female advantage in verbal memory may, however, account for this sex difference. In an initial experiment we found no overall sex differences in object or object-location memory. The inclusion of a verbal distracter task revealed gender-congruent biases in performance. A final study examined some methodological issues associated with the design of item arrays. After controlling for differences in item distinctiveness, performance on object-location was found to be substantially influenced by the distance that items were displaced in the array. These findings demonstrate that certain methodological factors can significantly affect the attentional and mnemonic processes that operate when performing tasks of this nature and can negate underlying sex differences in performance.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Object recall, sex differences, spatial ability
Subjects: C800 Psychology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 29 Jan 2015 15:00
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2017 11:35
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/20107

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