Profiling executive dysfunction in adults with autism and comorbid learning disability

Barnard, Louise, Muldoon, Kevin, Hasan, Reem, O'Brien, Gregory and Stewart, Mary (2008) Profiling executive dysfunction in adults with autism and comorbid learning disability. Autism, 12 (2). pp. 125-141. ISSN 1362-3613

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361307088486

Abstract

Executive dysfunction is thought to be primary to autism. We examined differences in executive function between 20 adults with autism and learning disability and 23 individuals with learning disabilities outside the autistic spectrum. All participants were matched for chronological age and full-scale IQ, and were given a battery of tasks assessing fluency, planning, set-shifting, inhibition and working memory. Analyses of the individual tasks revealed very few significant differences between the two groups. However, analyses of composite scores derived for each executive domain revealed that the group with autism showed impaired performance on the working memory and planning tests. Together, these two measures were sufficient to classify participants into their diagnostic groups significantly better than would be expected by chance (75% of the autism group; 65% of the control group). Executive impairments were neither universal nor exclusive to the autism group, and we suggest that an alternative cognitive theory may better explain the cognitive profile we found.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B900 Others in Subjects allied to Medicine
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > School of Health, Community and Education Studies > Social Work, Education and Community Wellbeing
Depositing User: EPrint Services
Date Deposited: 17 Sep 2009 14:56
Last Modified: 21 Aug 2017 22:34
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/2143

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