Collaboration between hospital and primary care nurses: a literature review

Lemetti, T., Stolt, M., Rickard, Norman and Suhonen, R. (2015) Collaboration between hospital and primary care nurses: a literature review. International Nursing Review, 62 (2). pp. 248-266. ISSN 0020-8132

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/inr.12147

Abstract

Background
Nurses play an important role in the treatment and care of adults in both hospital and primary health care working within complex and fragmented organizational systems. As the nature of health care changes and hospital and primary care sectors become more closely associated, nurses in both sectors have an obligation to increase their collaboration.

Aims
This study aimed to increase the understanding of collaboration between nurses working with adults in hospital and primary health care, and to facilitate the future measurement of this collaboration.

Methods
A literature review was undertaken in July and August 2013 using CINAHL and MEDLINE databases from the earliest to August 2013. The searches produced 4951 citations that were reduced to 22 articles for review using a four-step inclusion strategy. Inductive content analysis was used to analyse the data.

Results
It is suggested that collaboration is a process that contains (1) collaboration precursors: the opportunity to participate, knowledge and shared objectives; (2) elements of collaboration: competency, awareness and understanding of work roles and interaction; and (3) processes and outcomes: the events or behaviours that are the consequences of the collaboration between hospital and primary healthcare nurses.

Conclusions
The results indicate that collaboration between hospital and primary healthcare nurses is an important and integral part of the work of nurses and a process consisting of several predictable issues leading to useful care outcomes.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Collaboration, content analysis, hospital, literature review, nursing, primary health care
Subjects: B700 Nursing
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > School of Health, Community and Education Studies > Healthcare
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 27 Feb 2015 16:16
Last Modified: 03 Nov 2016 12:58
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/21508

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