Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and cognitive decline in the very old: The Newcastle 85+ study

Granic, Antoneta, Hill, Thomas H., Kirkwood, Thomas, Davies, Karen, Collerton, Joanna, Martin-Ruiz, Carmen, von Zglinicki, Thomas, Saxby, B. K., Wesnes, Keith, Collerton, Daniel, Mathers, John and Jagger, Carol (2015) Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and cognitive decline in the very old: The Newcastle 85+ study. European Journal of Neurology, 22 (1). pp. 106-115. ISSN 1351-5101

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ene.12539

Abstract

Background and purpose:
Studies investigating the association between 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] and cognition in the very old (85+) are lacking.

Methods:
Cross-sectional (baseline) and prospective data (up to 3 years follow-up) from 775 participants in the Newcastle 85+ Study were analysed for global (measured by the Standardized Mini-Mental State Examination) and attention-specific (measured by the attention battery of the Cognitive Drug Research test) cognitive performance in relation to season-specific 25(OH)D quartiles.

Results:
Those in the lowest and highest season-specific 25(OH)D quartiles had an increased risk of impaired prevalent (1.66, 95% confidence interval 1.06–2.60, P = 0.03; 1.62, 95% confidence interval 1.02–2.59, P = 0.04, respectively) but not incident global cognitive functioning or decline in functioning compared with those in the middle quartiles adjusted for sociodemographic, health and lifestyle confounders. Random effects models showed that participants belonging to the lowest and highest 25(OH)D quartiles, compared with those in the middle quartiles, had overall slower (log-transformed) attention reaction times for Choice Reaction Time (lowest, b = 0.023, P = 0.01; highest, b = 0.021, P = 0.02), Digit Vigilance Task (lowest, b = 0.009, P = 0.05; highest,b = 0.01, P = 0.02) and Power of Attention (lowest, b = 0.017, P = 0.02;highest, b = 0.022, P = 0.002) and greater Reaction Time Variability (lowest,b = 0.021, P = 0.02; highest, b = 0.02, P = 0.03). The increased risk of worse global cognition and attention amongst those in the highest quartile was not observed in non-users of vitamin D supplements/medication.

Conclusion:
Low and high season-specific 25(OH)D quartiles were associated with prevalent cognitive impairment and poorer overall performance in attention-specific tasks over 3 years in the very old, but not with global cognitive decline or incident impairment.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Published online ahead of print 13 August 2014
Uncontrolled Keywords: attention, cognitive decline, cohort study, 25-hydroxyvitamin D
Subjects: B900 Others in Subjects allied to Medicine
C800 Psychology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: Nicola King
Date Deposited: 02 Mar 2015 09:48
Last Modified: 09 Mar 2016 20:26
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/21511

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