Chemical bath deposition of zinc sulfide based buffer layers using low toxicity materials

Johnston, David, Carletto, M. H., Ramakrishna Reddy, Kotte, Forbes, Ian and Miles, Robert (2002) Chemical bath deposition of zinc sulfide based buffer layers using low toxicity materials. Thin Solid Films, 403-4. pp. 102-106. ISSN 0040-6090

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0040-6090(01)01536-X

Abstract

ZnS thin films that are used as buffer layers in thin film solar cells are usually deposited by chemical bath deposition using hydrazine hydrate as a complementary complexing agent. This material is, however, highly hazardous and its replacement by a less-hazardous material is desirable. In this work thin films of zinc sulfide have been deposited using sodium citrate as a novel complementary complexing agent and experiments performed to determine the optimum conditions for producing conformal films, free from pinholes. The layers deposited were found to consist of Zn and S but with a small concentration of O present. Data relating to how the deposition conditions affected the physical properties of the deposited layers are reported.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: F300 Physics
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Deposited: 08 Sep 2009 14:39
Last Modified: 06 Apr 2016 11:11
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/2152

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