Corporate Environmental Crime and Environmental Justice

Greife, Matthew, Stretesky, Paul, O'Conner Shelley, Tara and Pogrebin, Mark (2015) Corporate Environmental Crime and Environmental Justice. Criminal Justice Policy Review. ISSN 0887-4034

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0887403415576742

Abstract

Executive Order 12898 (42 U.S.C. § 4321 [2000]) mandates that federal agencies in the United States make it their purpose to achieve environmental justice. As a result, agencies often rely on empirical studies to provide crucial information that can be used to implement policies to combat inequality. While numerous studies now examine the distribution of environmental burdens and benefits, there are no systematic empirical studies that examine inequality in criminal penalties. This study corrects that omission by presenting findings on the relationship between community demographics and monetary penalties (fines) against corporations for 121 criminal violations of federal environmental law that were adjudicated between the years 2005 and 2010. Our results suggest that fines are not correlated with the demographics of residents living near the crime. That is, corporations that committed their environmental crimes in minority and poor areas did not receive lower fines as a result. Thus, environmental justice concerns appear to be satisfied with respect to federal criminal prosecutions.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Corporate Punishment; Environmental Equity; Environmental Crime; Green Criminology
Subjects: L300 Sociology
M900 Other in Law
Department: Faculties > Arts, Design and Social Sciences > School of Arts and Social Sciences > Social Sciences & Languages
Depositing User: Paul Stretesky
Date Deposited: 29 Jun 2015 14:16
Last Modified: 26 Oct 2016 07:34
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/21524

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