The emergence of synthetic cannabinoids in Mayotte

Roussel, Olivier, Carlin, Michelle, Bouvot, Xavier and Tensorer, Lauriane (2015) The emergence of synthetic cannabinoids in Mayotte. Toxicologie Analytique et Clinique, 27 (1). pp. 18-22. ISSN 2352-0078

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.toxac.2014.12.002

Abstract

The use of synthetic cannabinoids has grown in Mayotte for approximately 2 years. Since December 2013, it has been a requirement to analyse suspected synthetic cannabinoid seizures on several occasions. The samples were analysed according to standard analytical strategy defined in the quality plan of our laboratory, which consisted of screening by ion mobility spectrometry and by gas-chromatography/mass-spectrometry. The seizures consisted of seven white powders, four off-white powders, a mixture of chopped plant and white powder and nine samples of chopped plant. Several synthetic cannabinoids were found in the samples (UR144, AB-FUBINACA, FUB-PB22, 5F-PB22, THJ2201, THJ018, BB22, JWH022, JWH018-adamantylcarboxamide, STS135, 5F-AKB48 and AM2201) however during the analyses, it was found that degradation occurred with some esters and carboxamides, but this was resolved by altering the solvent used. As the substances were not controlled in France, analyses were concluded and synthetic cannabinoid contents of samples have not been measured but this atypical situation in Mayotte has highlighted the need for the laboratory to be aware of synthetic cannabinoid use and consider it in our analyses.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Designer drugs/analysis, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry/methods, France, Comoros
Subjects: B200 Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmacy
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences > Applied Sciences
Depositing User: Michelle Carlin
Date Deposited: 18 Mar 2015 09:17
Last Modified: 24 Sep 2015 10:51
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/21629

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