Determinants of urban sprawl in European cities

Oueslati, Walid, Alvanides, Seraphim and Garrod, Guy (2015) Determinants of urban sprawl in European cities. Urban Studies, 52 (9). pp. 1594-1614. ISSN 0042-0980

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0042098015577773

Abstract

This paper provides empirical evidence that helps to answer several key questions relating to the extent of urban sprawl in Europe. Building on the monocentric city model, this study uses existing data sources to derive a set of panel data for 282 European cities at three time points (1990, 2000 and 2006). Two indices of urban sprawl are calculated that, respectively, reflect changes in artificial area and the levels of urban fragmentation for each city. These are supplemented by a set of data on various economic and geographical variables that might explain the variation of the two indices. Using a Hausman-Taylor estimator and random regressors to control for the possible correlation between explanatory variables and unobservable city-level effects, we find that the fundamental conclusions of the standard monocentric model are valid in the European context for both indices. Although the variables generated by the monocentric model explain a large part of the variation of artificial area, their explanatory power for modelling the fragmentation index is relatively low.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Open access article, published online first 23/03/15.
Uncontrolled Keywords: monocentric city model, spatial scale, urban fragmentation, urban scattering
Subjects: F800 Physical and Terrestrial Geographical and Environmental Sciences
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Geography
Depositing User: Ay Okpokam
Date Deposited: 24 Mar 2015 14:39
Last Modified: 28 Jan 2016 11:15
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/21756

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