Effect of composition on surface relief morphology in TiNiCu thin films

Cai, M., Fu, Yong Qing, Sanjabi, Sohrab, Barber, Zoe and Dickinson, J. T. (2007) Effect of composition on surface relief morphology in TiNiCu thin films. Surface and Coatings Technology, 201 (12). pp. 5843-5849. ISSN 0257 8972

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2006.10.033

Abstract

TiNiCu films were deposited on a (100) type Si substrates by co-sputtering of TiNi and Cu targets at room temperature, and then post-annealed at 450 °C for crystallization. Significant surface relief due to martensitic transformation occurred on the film surface after cooling, and variations in surface relief morphology (the size and density of martensite crystals) have been quantified with atomic force microscopy. Energy dispersive X-ray analysis showed that the surface relief morphological difference in the TiNiCu films is due to the change in composition. It was proposed that the crystallization of the amorphous thin film during annealing behaved differently with chemical composition, which in turn induced fluctuations in phase transformation temperatures at various regions, as confirmed by differential scanning calorimeter measurements.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Crystallization; Martensitic transformation; Surface relief; Shape memory alloys
Subjects: F200 Materials Science
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 27 Mar 2015 10:14
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2015 11:33
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/21880

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