Detecting the signature of permafrost thaw in Arctic rivers

Spencer, Robert, Mann, Paul, Dittmar, Thorsten, Eglinton, Timothy, McIntyre, Cameron, Holmes, Robert, Zimov, Nikita and Stubbins, Aron (2015) Detecting the signature of permafrost thaw in Arctic rivers. Geophysical Research Letters, 42 (8). pp. 2830-2835. ISSN 0094-8276

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015GL063498

Abstract

Climate change induced permafrost thaw in the Arctic is mobilizing ancient dissolved organic carbon (DOC) in to headwater streams, however DOC exported from the mouth of major arctic rivers appears predominantly modern. Here we highlight that ancient (>20,000 ybp) permafrost-DOC is rapidly utilized by microbes (~50% DOC loss in <7 days), and that permafrost-DOC decay rates (0.12 to 0.19 d-1) exceed those for DOC in a major arctic river (Kolyma: 0.09 d-1). Permafrost-DOC exhibited unique molecular signatures, including high levels of aliphatics that were rapidly utilized by microbes. As microbes processed permafrost-DOC, its distinctive chemical signatures were degraded and converged towards those of DOC in
the Kolyma River. The extreme biolability of permafrost-DOC and the rapid loss of its distinct molecular signature may explain the apparent contradiction between observed permafrost-DOC release to headwaters and the lack of a permafrost signal in DOC exported via major arctic rivers to the ocean.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Robert G. M. Spencer , Paul J. Mann , Thorsten Dittmar , Timothy I. Eglinton , Cameron McIntyre R. Max Holmes , Nikita Zimov , and Aron Stubbins,(2015) Detecting the signature of permafrost thaw in Arctic rivers, Geophysical Research Letters 42, 8, 10.1002/2015GL063498. To view the published open abstract, go to http://dx.doi.org and enter the DOI.
Subjects: C500 Microbiology
F100 Chemistry
F700 Ocean Sciences
F800 Physical and Terrestrial Geographical and Environmental Sciences
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Geography and Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: Paul Mann
Date Deposited: 24 Apr 2015 08:57
Last Modified: 11 May 2017 12:51
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/21999

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