Effect of referral source on outcome with cognitive-behavior therapy self-help

Mataix-Cols, David, Cameron, Rachel, Gega, Lina, Kenwright, Mark and Marks, Isaac (2006) Effect of referral source on outcome with cognitive-behavior therapy self-help. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 47 (4). pp. 241-245. ISSN 0010-440X

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.comppsych.2005.11.007

Abstract

Little is known about how psychiatric patients' source of referral relates to treatment outcome. This study examines the effect of referral source on clinical outcome with computer-aided cognitive-behavior therapy (CCBT) for anxiety and depressive disorders. Three hundred fifty-five referrals to a clinic that offered CCBT with brief backup from a clinician were classified into general practitioner (GP) referrals (34%), mental health (MH) professional referrals (42%), and self-referrals (SR, 24%), and compared on sociodemographic and clinical features and treatment outcome. At intake, referrals from all 3 sources had similar sociodemographic features and problem duration, but GP referrals had less comorbidity, whereas MH professional referrals were being treated for their problem more often and were less motivated to change than were SR. Among treatment completers, SRs had the least and MH professional referrals had the most impaired work/social adjustment. Each referral group improved on generic and syndrome-specific measures; however, GP referrals improved the most and MH professional referrals the least. The 3 groups received similar therapist support and were equally satisfied after treatment. We conclude that GP referrals had the best outcome with CCBT for anxiety/depressive disorders. Referral source can be important in psychotherapy research because it may affect the type of patient seen and may predict treatment outcome.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B900 Others in Subjects allied to Medicine
C800 Psychology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > School of Health, Community and Education Studies > Social Work and Communities
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 21 Apr 2015 08:45
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2015 11:44
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/22122

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