Comparison of single lung transplant with and without the use of cardiopulmonary bypass

Burdett, Clare, Butt, Tanveer, Lordan, James, Dark, John and Clark, Stephen (2012) Comparison of single lung transplant with and without the use of cardiopulmonary bypass. Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, 15 (3). pp. 432-436. ISSN 1569-9293

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/icvts/ivs264

Abstract

Objectives - Many centres avoid using cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) for lung transplant due to concerns over aggravated lung reperfusion injury and excessive blood loss. We reviewed our 23-years’ experience of single lung transplantation.

Methods - A retrospective review of single lung transplants at our institution (1987–2010), examining differences in allograft function and postoperative complications between CPB and non-bypass (non-CPB) cases.

Results - Two hundred and fifty-nine single lung transplants were undertaken. Fifty-three (20.5%) with CPB. There was no difference demographically between the two groups. No difference existed in preoperative PO2/FiO2. At 1 and 24 h, the postoperative PO2/FiO2 ratio was no different (mean 2.95 and 3.24 in non-CPB cases; 3.53 and 3.75 in CPB patients, P = 0.18 and P = 0.34, respectively). Extubation time was not influenced by the use of CPB. Postoperative blood loss was greater in the CPB group. The usage of fresh frozen plasma and platelets was similar (P = 0.64 and 0.41, respectively). More blood was transfused during postoperative care of CPB patients (P = 0.02).

Conclusions - Fears of poor postoperative lung function after CPB appear unfounded. We could detect no difference in function or extubation time. Although the use of CPB increases postoperative bleeding and the need for transfusion, it may be used safely to facilitate lung transplantation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Lung transplant, Cardiopulmonary bypass
Subjects: B100 Anatomy, Physiology and Pathology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Applied Sciences
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 22 Apr 2015 15:41
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2017 11:25
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/22141

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