Post-mortem toxicology: A pilot study to evaluate the use of a Bayesian network to assess the likelihood of fatality

Langford, Alan, Bolton, Jennifer, Carlin, Michelle and Palmer, Ray (2015) Post-mortem toxicology: A pilot study to evaluate the use of a Bayesian network to assess the likelihood of fatality. Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine, 33. pp. 82-90. ISSN 1752-928X

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2015.04.013

Abstract

The challenge of interpreting post-mortem drug concentrations is well documented and relies on appropriate sample collection, knowledge of case circumstances as well as reference to published tables of data, whilst taking into account the known issues of post-mortem drug redistribution and tolerance. Existing published data has evolved from simple data tables to those now including sample origin and single to poly drug use, but additional information tends to be specific to those reported in individual case studies. We have developed a Bayesian network framework to assign a likelihood of fatality based on the contribution of drug concentrations whilst taking into account the pathological findings. This expert system has been tested against casework within the coronial jurisdiction of Sunderland, UK. We demonstrate in this pilot study that the Bayesian network can be used to proffer a degree of confidence in how deaths may be reported in cases when drugs are implicated. It has also highlighted the potential for deaths to be reported according to the pathological states at post-mortem when drugs have a significant contribution that may have an impact on mortality statistics. The Bayesian network could be used as complementary approach to assist in the interpretation of post-mortem drug concentrations.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Published online first.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Post-mortem toxicology, interpretation, Bayesian network, death certification
Subjects: B200 Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmacy
F400 Forensic and Archaeological Science
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences > Applied Sciences
Depositing User: Alan Langford
Date Deposited: 06 May 2015 09:56
Last Modified: 12 May 2017 04:47
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/22296

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