Anthropometry of the face: a review of the traditional methods of craniofacial measurement and their application to the anthropometry of photographic images

Evison, Martin (2000) Anthropometry of the face: a review of the traditional methods of craniofacial measurement and their application to the anthropometry of photographic images. In: Third UK National Conference on Craniofacial Identification Report on Proceedings. Department of Art in Medicine, University of Manchester, p. 7.

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Abstract

This paper reviewed the traditional methods of anthropometry of the face, and highlighted some of the sources of error that routinely occur. Dr. Evison quite properly quoted Leslie Farkas' classic textbook on "Anthropometry of the Head and Face".

He pointed out that anthropometry was a quantitative measure whereas an anthroscopic study was a visual assessment.

A searchable database of facial images, comparable to that available in DNA profiling, does not yet exist. For such a database to be developed, it would be necessary to select a set of unique facial features for measurement and to be able to describe the dimensions and proportional relationships between them in both two-and three-dimensions, with allowances for known values of statistical variation and measurement error.

The problems with current data collection include poor identification of landmarks, problems with measuring tools and improper measuring techniques. A new approach was proposed in which rapid laser scanning would be able accurately to acquire all the data with minimum subject intervention. This has the advantage of rapid 3D data collection and reduces the significance of measurement error.

The conclusion however was that such a database was likely to offer exclusion only, and could not be used for positive identification.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: F400 Forensic and Archaeological Science
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences > Applied Sciences
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Martin Evison
Date Deposited: 08 May 2015 09:17
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2017 08:54
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/22403

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