The Impact of a 24-h Ultra-Marathon on Circulatory Endotoxin and Cytokine Profile

Gill, Samantha, Hankey, Joanne, Wright, Alice, Marczak, Slawomir, Hemming, Krystal, Allerton, Dean, Robson-Ansley, Paula and Costa, Ricardo (2015) The Impact of a 24-h Ultra-Marathon on Circulatory Endotoxin and Cytokine Profile. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 36 (8). pp. 688-695. ISSN 0172-4622

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0034-1398535

Abstract

The study aimed to determine circulatory endotoxin concentration, cytokine profile, and gastrointestinal symptoms of ultra-endurance runners (UER, n=17) in response to a 24-h continuous ultra-marathon competition (total distance range: 122–208 km) conducted in temperate ambient conditions (0–20°C) in mountainous terrain. Body mass and body temperature were measured, and venous blood samples were taken before and immediately after competition. Samples were analysed for gram-negative bacterial endotoxin, C-reactive protein, cytokine profile, and plasma osmolality. Gastrointestinal symptoms were also monitored throughout competition. Mean exercise-induced body mass loss was (mean±SD) 1.7±1.8% in UER. Pre- and post-competition plasma osmolality in UER was 286±11 mOsmol·kg−1 and 286±9 mOsmol·kg−1, respectively. Pre- to post-competition increases (p<0.05) were observed for endotoxin (37%), C-reactive protein (2 832%), IL-6 (3 436%), IL-1β (332%), TNF-α (35%), IL-10 (511%), and IL-8 (239%) concentrations in UER, with no change in the control group (CON; n=12) observed (p>0.05). Gastrointestinal symptoms were reported by 75% of UER, with no symptoms reported by CON. IL-10 (r=0.535) and IL-8 (r=0.503) were positively correlated with gastrointestinal symptoms. A 24-h continuous ultra-marathon competition in temperate ambient conditions resulted in a circulatory endotoxaemia and pro-inflammatory cytokinaemia, counteracted by a compensatory anti-inflammatory response.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Published online ahead of print
Uncontrolled Keywords: inflammatory, cytokinaemia, endotoxaemia, sleep deprivation, energy balance, physical exertion
Subjects: B900 Others in Subjects allied to Medicine
C600 Sports Science
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences > Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation
Depositing User: Paul Burns
Date Deposited: 12 May 2015 11:42
Last Modified: 03 Mar 2016 11:56
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/22447

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