The Potential Benefits of Red Beetroot Supplementation in Health and Disease

Clifford, Tom, Howatson, Glyn, West, Dan and Stevenson, Emma (2015) The Potential Benefits of Red Beetroot Supplementation in Health and Disease. Nutrients, 7 (4). pp. 2801-2822. ISSN 2072-6643

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu7042801

Abstract

In recent years there has been a growing interest in the biological activity of red beetroot (Beta vulgaris rubra) and its potential utility as a health promoting and disease preventing functional food. As a source of nitrate, beetroot ingestion provides a natural means of increasing in vivo nitric oxide (NO) availability and has emerged as a potential strategy to prevent and manage pathologies associated with diminished NO bioavailability, notably hypertension and endothelial function. Beetroot is also being considered as a promising therapeutic treatment in a range of clinical pathologies associated with oxidative stress and inflammation. Its constituents, most notably the betalain pigments, display potent antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and chemo-preventive activity in vitro and in vivo. The purpose of this review is to discuss beetroot’s biological activity and to evaluate evidence from studies that specifically investigated the effect of beetroot supplementation on inflammation, oxidative stress, cognition and endothelial function.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: beetroot; betalains; nitrate; antioxidants; inflammation; oxidative stress
Subjects: B400 Nutrition
C600 Sports Science
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences > Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation
Depositing User: Paul Burns
Date Deposited: 02 Jun 2015 10:01
Last Modified: 11 May 2017 16:58
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/22732

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