Muscle spindle and fusimotor activity in locomotion

Ellaway, Peter, Taylor, Anthony and Durbaba, Rade (2015) Muscle spindle and fusimotor activity in locomotion. Journal of Anatomy, 227 (2). pp. 157-166. ISSN 0021-8782

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/joa.12299

Abstract

Mammals may exhibit different forms of locomotion even within a species. A particular form of locomotion (e.g. walk, run, bound) appears to be selected by supraspinal commands, but the precise pattern, i.e. phasing of limbs and muscles, is generated within the spinal cord by so-called central pattern generators. Peripheral sense organs, particularly the muscle spindle, play a crucial role in modulating the central pattern generator output. In turn, the feedback from muscle spindles is itself modulated by static and dynamic fusimotor (gamma) neurons. The activity of muscle spindle afferents and fusimotor neurons during locomotion in the cat is reviewed here. There is evidence for some alpha–gamma co-activation during locomotion involving static gamma motoneurons. However, both static and dynamic gamma motoneurons show patterns of modulation that are distinct from alpha motoneuron activity. It has been proposed that static gamma activity may drive muscle spindle secondary endings to signal the intended movement to the central nervous system. Dynamic gamma motoneuron drive appears to prime muscle spindle primary endings to signal transitions in phase of the locomotor cycle. These findings come largely from reduced animal preparations (decerebrate) and require confirmation in freely moving intact animals.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: fusimotor neuron; gamma motoneuron; intrafusal muscle fibre; locomotion; muscle spindle
Subjects: B100 Anatomy, Physiology and Pathology
C900 Others in Biological Sciences
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences > Applied Sciences
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 22 Jun 2015 09:10
Last Modified: 03 Nov 2016 16:24
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/23039

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