The Shadow of the Soul Breaker: Solitary Confinement, Cocaine, and the Disintegration of Huey P. Newton

Street, Joe (2015) The Shadow of the Soul Breaker: Solitary Confinement, Cocaine, and the Disintegration of Huey P. Newton. Pacific Historical Review, 84 (3). pp. 333-363. ISSN 0030-8684

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/phr.2015.84.3.333

Abstract

The article probes the impact of prison on Huey P. Newton, founder of the Black Panther Party. Incarcerated for three years in various locations in California, Newton descended into cocaine addiction and criminality soon after his 1970 release. The current literature fails to account for the impact of solitary confinement on Newton’s life and consequently misinterprets his descent into criminality. The article suggests that the immense pressures placed on Newton in prison and after freedom were related to the decline of the rehabilitative experiment in California’s prison system. It reveals the psychological effect of prison on Newton before linking his fragile mental state to his drug addiction. It concludes by demonstrating how FBI surveillance unwittingly took advantage of Newton’s fragility to compound his psychological stress, indicating the extent to which prison successfully prevented Newton reclaiming his position as a significant force in the African American political struggle.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Published as The Shadow of the Soul Breaker: Solitary Confinement, Cocaine, and the Decline of Huey P. Newton, Joe Street, Pacific Historical Review, Vol. 84 No. 3, August 2015; (pp. 333-363). © 2015 by University of California press. Copying and permissions notice: Authorization to copy this content beyond fair use (as specified in Sections 107 and 108 of the U. S. Copyright Law) for internal or personal use, or the internal or personal use of specific clients, is granted by [the Regents of the University of California/on behalf of the Sponsoring Society] for libraries and other users, provided that they are registered with and pay the specified fee via Rightslink® or directly with the Copyright Clearance Center.
Subjects: T700 American studies
V100 History by period
V200 History by area
V300 History by topic
Department: Faculties > Arts, Design and Social Sciences > Humanities
Depositing User: Joe Street
Date Deposited: 08 Jul 2015 10:04
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2017 04:44
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/23279

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