What range of trait levels can the the Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ) measure reliably? An item response theory analysis

Murray, Aja Louise, Booth, Tom, McKenzie, Karen and Kuenssberg, Renate (2015) What range of trait levels can the the Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ) measure reliably? An item response theory analysis. Psychological Assessment, 28 (6). pp. 673-683. ISSN 1040-3590

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pas0000215

Abstract

It has previously been noted that inventories measuring traits that originated in a psychopathological paradigm can often reliably measure only a very narrow range of trait levels that are near and above clinical cutoffs. Much recent work has, however, suggested that autism spectrum disorder traits are on a continuum of severity that extends well into the nonclinical range. This implies a need for inventories that can capture individual differences in autistic traits from very high levels all the way to the opposite end of the continuum. The Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ) was developed based on a closely related rationale, but there has, to date, been no direct test of the range of trait levels that the AQ can reliably measure. To assess this, we fit a bifactor item response theory model to the AQ. Results suggested that AQ measures moderately low to moderately high levels of a general autistic trait with good measurement precision. The reliable range of measurement was significantly improved by scoring the instrument using its 4-point response scale, rather than dichotomizing responses. These results support the use of the AQ in nonclinical samples, but suggest that items measuring very low and very high levels of autistic traits would be beneficial additions to the inventory.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: C800 Psychology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: Karen McKenzie
Date Deposited: 13 Jul 2015 09:47
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2016 12:01
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/23318

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