The picture superiority effect in recognition memory: a developmental study using the response signal procedure

Defeyter, Margaret Anne (Greta), McPartlin, Pamela and Russo, Riccardo (2009) The picture superiority effect in recognition memory: a developmental study using the response signal procedure. Cognitive Development, 24 (3). pp. 265-273. ISSN 0885-2014

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cogdev.2009.05.002

Abstract

Items studied as pictures are better remembered than items studied as words even when test items are presented as words. The present study examined the development of this picture superiority effect in recognition memory. Four groups ranging in age from 7 to 20 years participated. They studied words and pictures, with test stimuli always presented as words, and time to respond to test stimuli was manipulated. The picture superiority effect showed a clear developmental trend. In the condition in which participants had ample response time, a significant picture superiority effect appeared in all but the youngest group. With short response time, a significant picture superiority effect appeared only among 11- and 20-year-old groups, while a significant reverse of the picture superiority effect was detected in the youngest group. These results were interpreted as suggesting that different memory processes (familiarity and recollection) contribute differently to the picture superiority effect at different stages of development.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: memory, familiarity, recollection
Subjects: C800 Psychology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: EPrint Services
Date Deposited: 06 May 2010 13:12
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2017 11:34
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/2415

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics


Policies: NRL Policies | NRL University Deposit Policy | NRL Deposit Licence